TRENDS IN DRIVING DOWN MATERNAL, CHILD MORTALITY AND UPTAKE OF MODERN FAMILY PLANNING IN NIGERIA
Maternal death is likely to continue in the medium to long term
Presently, approximately 196 women of childbearing age die in Nigeria daily
from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. There was a total of 54,756 sample of
living or deceased women who had given birth in this study North West (22.3%), North East (19.3%),
North Central (17.1%), South West (15.7%), South East (13.2%), and South South (12.4%).
North West(NW)-This regioncontributed 12,435 to the sample studied. Most recorded daily
maternal deaths in Nigeria were from the NW (42), and this also reflected in MMR of the NW (see table 1).
Women in this region have a 1 in 12 lifetimes of dying during pregnancy when compared with other regions.
The majority of the women (71.20%) in this region had no education, no access to skilled birth attendant (49.5%),
no exposure (62.7%), no family planning (98.2%), early age of childbearing (78.3%), no access to information (53.8%).
The region contributed total 29% to poverty index in Nigeria, community wealth,
socio economy and age were associated with maternal death in the region. Women with no education (77.20%)
significantly increased the odds of maternal mortality by 50.8 and maternal death increased with age by 11% in the northwest region.
The women from the Northwest were mostly Muslim (over 89.9%).
In NW states; MMR has increased astronomical for instance, in Jigawa 1144.7, Kebbi 1519.7 decreased in Zamfara
to 978.3, Katsina 918.5, Sokoto 867.8, Kano 617.7 and Kaduna 350.8.
Nevertheless, report shows that maternal mortality ratio has been handled poorly either by default of
misapplying policies which causes increased in Kebbi to 695.5, 589.8 in Jigawa, 546.8 in Katsina, 303.9 in Sokoto and
decreased to 324 in Zamfara, 256.2 in Kano and 183.7 in Kaduna in the year 2019 (see figure 1.0).
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